Guidelines for Accepted Manuscripts



Submission of the final version of accepted papers should follow standard JARE submission guidelines ( Authors should upload the final version of a manuscript to in either MS Word or LaTeX or send their documents to Amy Bekkerman, JARE Publications Editor (


  1. Title Page
    1. Full title of manuscript
    2. All author names, exactly as you wish them to appear in print (i.e., first name/middle initial or just first/middle initials)
    3. Abbreviated title to be used as running head
    4. Author titles and affiliations
    5. Acknowledgments and any funding sources you wish to identify. Please be sure to fully acknowledge any USDA funding source, including grant or project number(s).
  1. Abstract Page
    1. Full title of manuscript
    2. Abstract (double-spaced, 12-point font), not to exceed 100 words
    3. Up to eight key words (or short phrases), in alphabetical order
  1. Text
    1. All text (including abstract, footnotes, references, and appendices) should be double spaced with 12-point Times Roman font and 1" margins.
    2. Page numbers should appear on every page, including the first. Page numbers must be Arabic numerals and appear on the bottom of the page, either centered or in the bottom right corner.


  1. Do not use right-margin justification.
  2. Do not use the end-of-line hyphenation feature.
  3. Use the MS Word footnote feature when preparing your text. Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.) rather than roman numerals or alphabetical letters should be used.
  1. Sequence of Manuscript Components
    1. Title page (unnumbered)
    2. Abstract page (unnumbered)
    3. Text narrative (commence page numbering of text with page 1)
    4. Reference section
    5. Appendix. If more than one appendix, label Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. Assign titles to all appendices
    6. Tables. Each table should be on a separate, unnumbered page
    7. Figures. Each figure should be on a separate, unnumbered page
  1. Heading Levels
    Provide short headings for each section and subsection. Do not number sections or subsections. Do not indent the first paragraph after any heading. Do not use a heading prior to the first paragraph of the article (i.e., no heading for “introduction”), and do not indent the first paragraph of the article. To help the technical editor clearly identify your heading levels, please use the following format:
  1. Level #1 = centered, boldface, initial caps
  2. Level #2 = flush left margin, italics, initial caps
  3. Level #3 = flush left margin, plain typeface, initial caps
  1. Style, Grammar, and Punctuation
    The Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics uses The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., by the University of Chicago Press and Webster’s Third New International Dictionary for style, format, and spelling.
  1. Percent vs. %. JARE’s style does not spell out “percent.” Instead, use “%” throughout.
  1. Text Citations
    1. Spell out up to 3 author last names (i.e., use “et al.” only for 4 or more authors).
    2. Include the year of publication for all within-text citations. If there is more than one work by the same author(s) in the same year, please designate, for example, as 2006a, 2006b, etc. Make sure the corresponding listings in the reference section also show the “a” and “b” designations.
    3. When citing a direct quotation, be sure to include the page number(s) from the author’s work.
    4. For text citations listing more than one source, separate sources with a semi-colon.
    5. Use a comma to separate author and date.
  1. Math/Equations
    When numbering equations, use Arabic numbers enclosed in parentheses. Equation numbers should appear at flush left margin. Number all equations consecutively—i.e., (1), (2), (3), etc. —throughout the manuscript. Math notations/equations should be centered between the L/R margins. Use italic typeface for all variables, and use boldface (no italics) for all vectors and matrices, both within equations and within the narrative.
  1. Reference Section
    1. Please refer to The Chicago Manual of Style for citation examples.
    2. All citations in the manuscript must appear in the reference list, and only cited works may be included in the reference list.
    3. References should be listed in alphabetical order by author’s last name.
    4. Citations with identical authors should be listed chronologically.
    5. Format references with hanging indentation (first line flush left, second and subsequent lines indented).
    6. For clarity, please do not use any abbreviations (such as for journal names) in the references.
    7. Do not use “et al.” (either for authors or editors) in reference list citations; all author (editor) names should be spelled out. Use only author/editor first and/or middle initials.
    8. All cited references should include a DOI number, where applicable.
  1. Tables
    1. Place each table on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. For tables it is permissible to use single spacing and a smaller font size as needed.
    2. All tables should be introduced within the narrative discussion by table number.
    3. Do not capitalize the words “table” and “figure” in the text unless they appear at the beginning of a sentence.
    4. Tables should be numbered consecutively (1, 2, 3, etc.)
    5. Footnotes within tables should be identified by superscript alphabetical letters (a, b, c, etc.) rather than Arabic numbers.
    6. When using asterisks (*, **, ***) to denote levels of significance/probability, a single asterisk is used for the lowest level, two asterisks for the next highest, etc. For example:

* = .10 level (10%) ** = .05 level (5%) *** = .01 level (1%)

  1. Figures
    1. Place each table on a separate page at the end of the manuscript immediately following tables.
    2. Preferred (but not required) software for figure preparation is Microsoft Excel. Provide a separate electronic file(s) for your spreadsheet data (i.e., the spreadsheet contains the values used in constructing the graphic image).
    3. Please be sure to identify in your cover/transmittal letter the software used for preparation of your figures.


You must also provide a copyright release form signed by all authors. The copyright agreement can be found at You may either scan a signed version of this form and email it to Amy Bekkerman ( or return a hard copy of the release form to:

Amy Bekkerman
3020 Teslow Dr
Bozeman, MT 59715


If you have any questions concerning the guidelines for manuscript submissions, please contact the JARE Publications Editor, Amy Bekkerman, at

Western Agricultural Economics Association
555 East Wells Street, Suite 1100
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Phone: 414.918.9802
Fax: 414.276.3349

© 2018 Western Agricultural Economics Association. All rights reserved.